Through recapitalization (recap) bonds, Public sector banks (PSBs) had received capital which might take a hit of around Rs 13,000 crore since the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI’s) has advised to recognise these bonds at market value, as per ICRA report.

  • Despite the discounting of bonds by 44-45 per cent, the PSBs will continue to have tier-I capital adequacy above the regulatory requirement.
  • Hence there is a possibility of some PSBs reporting losses for the fourth quarter of financial year 2021-22 (Q4FY22).
  • A finance ministry official said the government has factored in the mark to market (MTM) impact while infusing Rs 4,600 crore capital in Punjab & Sind Bank through “zero coupon” bonds this year.
  • Government would continue to take into account such effects while estimating and infusing government capital through the recap bond route.
  • ICRA further reports that the fair value of recap bonds is 44-45 per cent of face value.
  • The government used these bonds worth Rs 24,600 crore in FY21 and FY22 to infuse capital in five PSBs, including Punjab & Sind Bank, Bank of India, and UCO Bank and the fair value would be about Rs 11,000 crore and discount of Rs 13,000 crore.
  • This MTM impact will have to be provided for in Q4 results through a profit and loss account. This may also lead to some of them reporting a loss in the quarter.
  • However, despite the mark down, banks that have received capital through zero-coupon bonds will remain above the regulatory requirements, said Anil Gupta, vice president and sector head – financial sector ratings, ICRA.
  • It may be recalled, that on March 31, 2021, the RBI had said investments in special securities received from the government towards bank recapitalization from FY22 shall be recognized at fair/market value on initial recognition in HTM.
  • The Head-Financial Institutions at India Ratings informs that the infusion through non-interest-bearing bonds, while bolstering regulatory capital levels, didn’t strengthen tangible equity as much on account of their lower intrinsic values.

Further, it is said that the illiquid nature of these securities added to the pressure. The difference between the intrinsic equity and regulatory capital would be closer to the difference between net present value of these bonds and the par value.

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