RBI Likely to Have Rolled Over a Part of $5-billion Forex Swap to Boost Liquidity


RBI Likely to Have Rolled Over a Part of $5-billion Forex Swap to Boost Liquidity

There are several tools available with RBI to boost the liquidity in the banking system.  Few of them are adjustment through Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Increasing and decreasing CRR and SLR and so on.  Another important tool available with RBI is Forex Swap which boosts the liquidity in the system amid tax outflows and currency leakage in the festive season.  Here is an article on the same.


The Reserve Bank of India could have rolled over a portion of its $5-billion international alternate swap that was due for maturity on Monday by conducting an ultra-short time period swap whose maturity would increase system liquidity amid tax outflows and forex leakage within the festive season.

On April 28, 2022, the RBI concluded a sell-buy international alternate swap beneath which banks purchased US Dollars from the central financial institution and concurrently agreed to promote the identical quantity of {dollars} on the finish of the swap interval. The maturity of the swap, which was due on October 23, would have launched round ₹40,000 crore into the banking system as purchases of {dollars} by the RBI inject rupee liquidity into the banking system.

“The RBI most probably would have rolled over a portion of the transaction because we have not seen too much of an upside in the dollar-rupee. Given the quantum of the FX swap, if they (the RBI) would have bought dollars, the exchange rate should have gone to 83.25-83.30/$1,” mentioned Anil Kumar Bhansali, head of treasury at Finrex Treasury Advisors.

“Not only has the dollar-rupee exchange rate not gone up that much but it’s still being sold (dollars being sold). So, I feel the RBI would have rolled over the transaction. The dollar shortage that was expected has not played out,” he mentioned.

At current, the RBI is confronted with a difficult steadiness when it comes to balancing the impression of its actions within the forex market and their impression on liquidity within the banking system, particularly because the central financial institution has just lately flagged inflationary dangers emanating from extra money with banks.

In April 2022, the RBI had mentioned that it had carried out the $5-billion sell-buy swap to elongate the maturity profile of its ahead ebook and smoothen receivables associated to ahead belongings. By finishing up the swap, the RBI had drained the banking system of rupee liquidity, which on the time was at a huge surplus of round ₹5 trillion due to central financial institution money infusions through the Covid disaster.Two international financial institution merchants who spoke on situation of anonymity mentioned that the RBI had most likely carried out one other swap for round $1.5-2.5 billion which might mature by the top of this week.”It seems that the RBI has rolled over around half of the $5 billion swap and would have taken delivery of the rest. That is also reflected in the overnight cash-tomorrow rate which was trading below 6% as some banks were preparing for the RBI to take delivery of dollars,” one of the international financial institution merchants mentioned.

With the RBI having likely taken supply of some {dollars} and lined up extra such transactions in coming days, liquidity can be launched within the banking system in a staggered method, compensating for GST outflows and a seasonal improve in forex leakage amid festivals.

Courtesy: Economic Times  24th Oct. 2023

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